Know about Nepal
Nepal is located between China and India, in South Asia. The total land area of Nepal is 147,181 sq. km. Nepal falls in the temperate zone north of the Tropic of Cancer. Geographically the country can be divided into three main regions: Himalayan region, mid hill region and Terai region. The Himalayan region (above 3,000 m) is high altitude mountain area where the highest point on the earth, Mt. Everest – 8,848 meters, is located. Out of total 14 mountains in the world that are higher than 8,000 meters 8 are in Nepal. Mid Hill region is moderate altitude hilly region between Terai and Himalaya while Terai, with an altitude ranging from 60 -305 m and occupying about 17 percent of total land area of the country, is the low land plane located at the southern part of Nepal.
Due to the variation of altitude, Nepal is one of the richest homes of flora and fauna. Compared to only 0.1 percent of the total land area of the globe, Nepal possesses a disproportionately rich biodiversity. The weather of equator to the weather of arctic can be experienced in Nepal within the distance of merely 150 Km. Nepal reserves the waters towers of South Asia with its 6,000 rivers which are mostly snow-fed that supply water round the year. Nine globally recognized Ramsar sites, 10 national parks, three wildlife reserves, six conservations areas, one hunting reserve, 12 UNESCO world heritages are located in Nepal. Out of the UNESCO world heritages, two natural areas – Chitwan National Park and Sagarmatha National Park – are listed by UNESCO as Natural World Heritage Sites.